The creation of a new, carbon-based nanomaterial which is typically inspired by bio-systems with self-assembling setting has now come into life. This nanomaterial would lead to new catalysis technologies. Moreover, the materials are naturally made similar to those eco-friendly products for everyday use.
Atomic-scale precision through self-assembly setting
Controlling the position of single atoms and molecules one at a time is a tedious way, if not impossible in nanomaterials fabrication.
One option of nanomaterial fabrication is the creation of atomically-precise structure through self-assembly. Primarily, this is done via selecting the appropriate molecules, atoms, and the status of the preparation. Moreover, the capability of the self-assembly setting originates from the utilization of organic molecules such as carbon-based materials in producing nano-units.
By means of organic synthetic chemistry, the shape, size, and the functional groups of the organic molecules can be identified through various ways. Handling the molecular interactions could results to the production of well-defined nanostructure. This is somehow similar to the process of nucleic acids interaction in DNA which leads to creation of the double-helix.
Materials can be created in a very precise and structurally engineered manner. The result of this could lead to acquiring the target electronic properties. Moreover, the physical as well as the electronic properties of the new materials originate basically from the structure at a single-molecule level. Somehow, this is similar to the functions of bio-organisms which is based on the nano-scale interactions.
Methods for Nanofabrication of Material
Generally, there are two methods that can be used in the production of nano-materials.
One example of this method is the lithography which typically depends on top-down approach. The materials are basically patterned by removal of matter. However, it is only applicable to those with resolutions of about 1 nanometre.
The bottom-up method permits the sub-nanometre pattern of resolution. An increased level of control and electronic properties efficiency have greater potentials. Furthermore, using this method with a surface permits for the acquisition of nanostructure materials with properties that are used for those which cannot be synthesized through conventional synthetic methods.
Two New Analysis
Studies of electronic properties are being analysed. These studies are as follows:
Electronic properties for optoelectronics
The result of this study defines the dependence of the electronic states of the 1D iron-based metal-organic nanostructure on the energy and spatial level. Dependency would be based on the energy range close to the Fermi level. This can be helpful for electricians in thanet that utilize applications of optoelectronics like photovoltaics, photo-catalysis and also for instruments that emit light.
Analysis at the level of a single-atom for its structure and chemistry
This study discusses the intramolecular appearance and charge dissemination of the iron-molecule coordination design at an atomic-scale. Mostly, catalysis applications benefit for this electronic structure and chemistry.